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The following summary is from Orphanet, a European
reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.
Orpha Number: 2357
Bronchogenic cysts (BCs) are congenital malformations resulting from abnormal
budding of the foregut and are most commonly found in the mediastinum.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.
Bronchogenic cysts (BCs) are congenital lesions thought to result from abnormal budding of the embryonic foregut. The most frequent symptoms are pain, cough, fever, respiratory distress, or dyspnea. Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cysts are usually sharply defined, solitary, non-calcified, round, or oval opacities confined to a single lobe. These can present as a homogeneous water density, an air- filled cyst, or with an air-fluid level. The cyst can rupture into the trachea, pericardial cavity, or pleural cavity. Infection of the cyst may lead to surrounding acinar shadow. An air-filled cyst or one with an air-fluid level may be present if a complicating tracheo-bronchial connection develops.
Last updated on 05-01-20