Binswanger's disease

What causes Binswanger's disease?

Binswanger's disease occurs when the blood vessels that supply the deep structures of the brain become obstructed (blocked). As the arteries become more and more narrowed, the blood supplied by those arteries decreases and brain tissue dies. This can be caused by atherosclerosis, thromboembolism (blood clots) and other diseases such as CADASIL.

Risk factors for Binswanger's disease include:

Last updated on 05-01-20

How is Binswanger's disease diagnosed?

A diagnosis of Binswanger's disease is often suspected based on the presence of characteristic signs and symptoms. Additional testing can then be ordered to confirm the diagnosis. This generally consists of imaging studies of the brain (i.e. CT scan and/or MRI scan).

Last updated on 05-01-20

Is Binswanger's disease an inherited condition?

Although Binswanger's disease is not considered an inherited condition, genetics may play a role in many of the conditions and risk factors that are associated with the disease (i.e. atherosclerosis, blood clots).

Last updated on 05-01-20

What is Binswanger's disease?

Binswanger's disease is a type of dementia caused by widespread, microscopic areas of damage to the deep layers of white matter in the brain. Most affected people experience progressive memory loss and deterioration of intellectual abilities (dementia); urinary urgency or incontinence; and an abnormally slow, unsteady gait (style of walking). While there is no cure, the progression of Binswanger's disease can be slowed with healthy lifestyle choices. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Who is most commonly affected by Binswanger's disease?

The thickening and narrowing (atherosclerosis) of arteries that feed the subcortical areas of the brain typically begins late in the fourth decade of life and increases in severity with age.

Last updated on 05-01-20

What is the long-term outlook for people with Binswanger's disease?

The long-term outlook (prognosis) for people with Binswanger's disease is poor. There is, unfortunately, no cure for the condition and it is considered progressive since the symptoms tend to worsen over time. Changes may be sudden or gradual and then progress in a stepwise manner. Binswanger's disease can often coexist with Alzheimer disease.

Behaviors that slow the progression of high blood pressure, diabetes, and atherosclerosis -- such as eating a healthy diet and keeping healthy wake/sleep schedules, exercising, and not smoking or drinking too much alcohol -- can also slow the progression of Binswanger's disease.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How is Binswanger's disease treated?

The brain damage associated with Binswanger's disease is not reversible. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person. For example, medications may be prescribed to treat depression, agitation, and other symptoms associated with the condition. Successful management of hypertension and diabetes can slow the progression of atherosclerosis, which can delay the progression of Binswanger's disease.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Name: Family Caregiver Alliance 785 Market Street Suite 750
San Francisco, CA, 94103, United States
Phone: 415-434-3388 Toll Free: 800-445-8106 Fax : 415-434-3508 Email: Url:
Name: National Family Caregivers Association 10400 Connecticut Avenue Suite 500
Kensington, MD, 20895-3944, United States
Phone: 301-942-6430 Toll Free: 800-896-3650 Fax : 301-942-2302 Email: Url:
Name: National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization 1731 King Street, Suite 100
Alexandria, VA, 22314, United States
Phone: 703-837-1500 Fax : 703-837-1233 Email: Url:

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The RareGuru disease database is regularly updated using data generously provided by GARD, the United States Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center.

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