Parkes Weber syndrome

What is Parkes Weber syndrome?

Parkes Weber syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital condition characterized by a large number of abnormal blood vessels. The main signs and symptoms of PWS typically include a capillary malformation on the skin; hypertrophy (excessive growth) of the bone and soft tissue of the affected limb; and multiple arteriovenous fistulas (abnormal connections between arteries and veins) which can potentially lead to heart failure. There also may be pain in the affected limb and a difference in size between the limbs. Some cases of Parkes Weber syndrome result from mutations in the RASA1 gene, and are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. In these cases, affected people usually have multiple capillary malformations. People with PWS without multiple capillary malformations are unlikely to have mutations in the RASA1 gene; in these cases, the cause of the condition is often unknown. Management typically depends on the presence and severity of symptoms and may include embolization or surgery in the affected limb.

Last updated on 05-01-20

What complications may be associated with Parkes Weber syndrome?

Individuals with Parkes Weber syndrome may experience cellulitis, an infection in the skin. Infections are more common in individuals with Parkes Weber syndrome because they bleed easily as a result of abnormal capillaries near the surface of the skin. This easy bleeding may also lead to blood loss and anemia. The increased blood flow through the arteriovenous malformation (AVMs) in a limb could strain the heart and lead to something called high-output cardiac failure.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How might Parkes Weber syndrome be treated?

No cure currently exists. Treatment depends on the symptoms and usually involves several specialists, such as interventional radiologist, neurosurgeons, vascular surgeons, cardiologists and dermatologists. Heart problems should be treated by a cardiologist. The arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and/or arteriovenous fistulas are treated with surgery or with embolization. Leg differences are treated by an orthopedist. Capillary malformations can be treated by a dermatologist when the patients are concerned with the cosmetic appearance.

Supportive care may include compression garments (tight-fitting pieces of clothing on the affected limb to reduce pain and swelling); these may also protect the limb from bumps and scrapes, which can cause bleeding and are also recommended in cases of lymphedema. Heel inserts may be used if the legs are different lengths, which can aid in walking normally. Various pain medications and antibiotic medications may be prescribed as needed.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Name: Klippel-Trenaunay Support Group K-T Support Group 1471 Greystone Lane
Milford, OH, 45150, United States
Phone: +1-513-722-7724 Email: Url: Contact form:
Name: Society for Vascular Surgery 633 N. St. Clair 24th Floor
Chicago, IL, 60611 , United States
Phone: 312-334-2300 Toll Free: 800-258-7188 Fax : 312-334-2320 Email: Url:
Name: National Organization of Vascular Anomalies PO Box 38216
Greensboro, NC, 27438-8216, United States
Email: Url:

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The RareGuru disease database is regularly updated using data generously provided by GARD, the United States Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center.

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