Ocular toxoplasmosis

What is the long-term outlook for ocular toxoplasmosis?

The long-term outlook (prognosis) for ocular toxoplasmosis is dependent on what part of the eye is affected. Symptoms during an infection resulting in abnormal vision (blurriness, loss) are usually associated with involvement of the macula (the part of the eye needed for sharp, central vision) or the optic nerve. Vision loss may become permanent if a scar forms around the macula or if damage to the optic nerve occurs (optic nerve atrophy). If a scar forms around the optic disk (point of entry of the optic nerve in the eye), vision loss may be severe.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How might ocular toxoplasmosis be treated?

In individuals with a normally functioning immune system and mild symptoms that do not threaten the function of the eye, treatment may not be needed and symptoms may resolve within 4-8 weeks. For cases in which there is a potential for vision loss, treatment may involve the use of anti-parasitic medications, steroids, and antibiotics. Typically, the anti-parasitic medication pyrimethamine is utilized in combination with the antibiotic sulfadiazine and corticosteroids. Other medications that have been used in individuals with ocular toxoplasmosis include the antibiotics clindamycin, azithromycin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and the steroid dexamethasone.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Name: American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus 655 Beach Street
San Francisco, CA, 94109-1336, United States
Phone: +1-(415) 561-8505 Email: https://aapos.org/contactus Url: https://aapos.org/home

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The RareGuru disease database is regularly updated using data generously provided by GARD, the United States Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center.

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