Leukoplakia

Is a biopsy necesssary for vulvar leukoplakia?

A biopsy is recommended to determine whether the lesion is precancerous. The clinical appearance of the lesion does not necessarily correlate with the histopathologic change (changes apparent when examined under a microscope); therefore, a biopsy is the only way to correctly classify the lesion.

Last updated on 05-01-20

What is the prognosis for leukoplakia?

Leukoplakia usually does not cause complications or permanent damage. Sores often clear up a few weeks or months after the source of irritation is removed. Although most leukoplakia patches are benign (non-cancerous), a small percentage show early signs of cancer, and many cancers of the mouth occur next to areas of leukoplakia. Even after leukoplakia patches are removed, the risk of oral cancer remains higher than in the general population. Prognosis is better when leukoplakia is found and treated early.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How might vulvar leukoplakia be treated?

If the lesion is thought to be caused by irritation, it often regresses or clears on its own after the source of irritation is removed. If the lesion causes discomfort or is thought to be precancerous, it may be surgically removed. It has also been reported that leukoplakia of the vulva may be successfully treated with 5-FU.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How might leukoplakia be treated?

For most people, removing the source of irritation is important and often causes the lesion to disappear. For example, if tobacco use is thought to be the cause, stopping tobacco use usually clears the condition. Dental causes such as rough teeth or fillings should be treated as soon as possible. When this is not effective or if the lesions show early signs of cancer, treatment may include removing the patches. The lesion is usually removed in the health care provider's office using local anesthesia. Leukoplakia on the vulva is treated in the same way as oral lesions. Recurrences are common, so follow-up visits with a physician are recommended.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Name: The Oral Cancer Foundation 3419 Via Lido #205
Newport Beach, CA, 92663, United States
Phone: 949-646-8000 Email: info@oralcancerfoundation.org Url: http://oralcancerfoundation.org

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The RareGuru disease database is regularly updated using data generously provided by GARD, the United States Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center.

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