Klebsiella infection

What causes _Klebsiella_ infections?

Klebsiella can cause community-acquired pneumonia. In the United States, community-acquired pneumonia is more common in alcoholics or in those with diabetes or other underlying health concerns.

In the United States, many Klebsiella infections are acquired in the hospital or in long-term care facilities. Those with an underlying medical disorder, those who are immunocompromised, those with an implanted medical device (such as a urinary catheter or airway tube), and those being treated with antibiotics are at greater risk for acquiring a Klebsiella infection.

Widespread antibiotic use has resulted in antibiotic-resistant strains which are harder to treat.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How are _Klebsiella_ infections diagnosed?

Klebsiella infections are usually diagnosed by examining a sample of the infected tissue such as sputum, urine, or blood. Depending on the site of infection, imaging tests such as ultrasounds, X-rays, and computerized tomography (CT) may also be useful. Susceptibility testing can help determine which antibiotics are likely to be effective.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How might _Klebsiella_ infections be treated?

The antibiotic regimen for Klebsiella infections will vary depending on the organ system involved and the results of susceptibility testing. Uncomplicated cases of Klebsiella infections that are not drug-resistant may be treated with antibiotics like other bacterial infections. Infections acquired in the hospital setting may be more difficult to treat because they are more likely to be resistant to many antibiotics. Those who are infected with an antibiotic-resistant strain of Klebsiella should be placed on contact isolation precautions. Infectious disease doctors may be helpful in distinguishing between Klebsiellae that is causing an infection and Klebsiellae that are present without causing harm (colonization).

Last updated on 05-01-20

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The RareGuru disease database is regularly updated using data generously provided by GARD, the United States Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center.

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