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Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia is a hereditary disease that affects the production of red blood cells (erythropoiesis) and is characterized by anemia and problems in various organs. The signs and symptoms may include fatigue, weakness, pale skin, yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), larger-than-normal liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly), and problems of the heart.
There are four major types of the condition. Each type has a different cause and the additional signs and symptoms mentioned below:
Types 1 and 2 are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Type 3 appears to be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Type 4 is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Treatment may involve the use of a medication called interferon, and a bone marrow transplant.
Source: GARD Last updated on 05-01-20
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