Coffin-Siris syndrome

What causes Coffin-Siris syndrome?

Coffin-Siris syndrome is caused by a change (mutation) in either the ARID1A, ARID1B, SMARCA4, SMARCB1, SMARCE1 or DPF2 gene. Exactly how these gene mutations result in the symptoms of Coffin-Siris syndrome is not known, however it is thought that the mutations affect how genetic material is packaged in the cell.

Coffin-Siris syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition; as only one gene mutation is needed to cause the syndrome. It usually occurs for the first time in a family due to a new mutation.

In some cases, no genetic mutation can be identified and the cause of Coffin- Siris syndrome in the family remains unknown.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How is Coffin-Siris syndrome diagnosed?

Diagnosis of Coffin-Siris syndrome is largely based upon the presence or absence of common signs and symptoms in the individual. While formal diagnostic criteria have not been established, most individuals with a clinical diagnosis of Coffin-Siris syndrome have certain features in common. Detailed information on the diagnosis of this condition is available through GeneReviews.

Genetic testing may also be used to diagnose or confirm cases of Coffin-Siris syndrome.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How might Coffin-Siris syndrome be treated?

People with Coffin-Siris syndrome may benefit from occupational, physical, and speech therapy. Developmental pediatricians may be helpful in recommending and coordinating therapeutic and educational interventions. Additional specialty care may be needed depending on the symptoms in the individual, such as by gastrointestinal, eye, kidney, heart, and hearing specialists.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Name: National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasias 6 Executive Drive Suite 2
Fairview Heights, IL, 62258-1360, United States
Phone: +1-618-566-2020 Fax : +1-618-566-4718 Email: Url:
Name: Coffin-Siris Syndrome Foundation 11611 106th Ave NE
Kirkland, WA, 98034,
Email: Url:
Knapp K, Poke G, Jenkins D, Truter N, Bicknell L. Expanding the phenotype spectrum associated with DPF2: A new case report American Journal of Medical Genetics. June 17, 2019; 1-5. Reference Link

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