Christianson syndrome

What is Christianson syndrome?

Christianson syndrome is an X-linked syndrome associated with intellectual disability, microcephaly, seizures, ataxia, and absent speech. Many individuals with this condition have a happy demeanor with frequent smiling and unprovoked laughter, similar to those with Angelman syndrome. Christianson syndrome is caused by mutations in the SLC9A6 gene, which is located within the q24-q27 interval of the X chromosome. There appears to be a range of phenotypes in carrier females, from intellectual disability to absence of symptoms.

Last updated on 05-01-20

How many people have been diagnosed with Christianson syndrome?

In 1999, Christianson et al. described a 5-generation South African family with X-linked mental retardation, comprising 16 affected males and 10 carrier females. In 2008, Gilfillan et al. reported 3 additional families with the disorder: a Norwegian family with 3 affected males; a Swedish family with 1 affected son; and a family from the United Kingdom with 3 affected boys. In 2010, Schroer et al. reported a large family with 6 additional confirmed cases.

In 2014, 12 additional families with boys affected by Christianson syndrome were identified in a large study. At present medical researchers believe Christianson syndrome may be one of the most common causes of X-linked brain development disorders. Medical researchers estimate the condition may affect between 1 in 16,000-100,000 people worldwide.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Name: Christianson Syndrome Association 15201 Mason Road Ste 1000 #173
Cypress, TX, 77433, United States
Phone: +1-281-723-5989 Email: Url:

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The RareGuru disease database is regularly updated using data generously provided by GARD, the United States Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center.

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