Chilaiditi syndrome

What causes Chilaiditi syndrome?

The exact cause of Chilaiditi syndrome is unknown. The condition appears to occur with higher frequency among individuals with chronic lung disease, scarring of the liver (cirrhosis), and in those with an accumulation of ascites in the abdomen. Other risk factors may include reduced liver volume, paralysis of the motor nerve to the diaphragm (phrenic nerve palsy), and obesity. In some cases, the condition is present from birth (congenital).

Last updated on 05-01-20

How might Chilaiditi syndrome be treated?

Treatment of Chilaiditi syndrome is directed at the individual symptoms present. In some cases, treatment is not needed. Reducing (or removing) the pressure within the abdomen may help alleviate symptoms. This may be achieved through conservative measure that address constipation, pain, and distention. Surgical intervention may include removal of a portion of the colon or the anchoring of the misplaced part of the colon to the abdominal wall.

Last updated on 05-01-20

Selected Full-Text Journal Articles

Chilaiditi syndrome - articles

Jangouk P, Zaidi F, Hashash JG. Chilaiditi's Sign: A Rare Cause of Abdominal Pain ACG Case Rep J. 2014 Jan;1(2):70-71.

Last updated on 04-27-20

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The RareGuru disease database is regularly updated using data generously provided by GARD, the United States Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center.

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