Cervical dystonia

What causes cervical dystonia?

Cervical dystonia may be classified as "primary" or "secondary." Primary dystonia refers to dystonia with no clear identifiable cause and is referred to as idiopathic. In primary dystonia, there is no known structural abnormality in the central nervous system, and no underlying disease present. Primary cervical dystonia is associated with a hereditary component in approximately 12% of cases, and it may possibly be linked to previous neck injury.

Secondary dystonia occurs as a consequence or symptom of an underlying abnormality or disease (e.g. Parkinson disease) and has a clear cause which can be inherited or acquired. It may be linked to the use of certain medications (e.g. neuroleptics), excessive toxin ingestion (e.g. in carbon monoxide poisoning), or structural lesions due to trauma (primarily of the basal ganglia).

Last updated on 05-01-20

Name: Dystonia Medical Research Foundation 1 East Wacker Drive Suite 1730
Chicago, IL, 60601-1905, United States
Phone: +1-312-755-0198 Toll Free: 1-0800-377-3978 Fax : +1-312-803-0138 Email: dystonia@dystonia-foundation.org Url: https://dystonia-foundation.org/
Name: National Spasmodic Torticollis Association 9920 Talbert Avenue
Fountain Valley, CA, 92708, United States
Email: NSTAmail@aol.com Url: http://www.torticollis.org
Name: Cure Dystonia Now PO Box 9040
Farmingdale, NY, 11735,
Phone: +1-516-584-4156 Email: info@curedystonianow.org Url: http://www.curedystonianow.org/index
Name: Dystonia Society 89 Albert Embankment
London, SE1 7TP, United Kingdom
Phone: 020 7793 3651 (general enquiries) Email: https://www.dystonia.org.uk/contact Url: https://www.dystonia.org.uk/
Name: Parkinson & Movement Disorder Alliance PMD Alliance PO Box 36233
Tucson, AZ, 85704,
Toll Free: 1-800-256-0966 Email: info@PMDAlliance.org Url: https://www.pmdalliance.org/

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